Digital Photography Tips: To Stitch or Not To Stitch

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With modern stitching software, digital photographers have a capability that film photographers never dreamed of: they can shoot multiple images and stitch them into seamless wholes. However, though stitching is a great way to create big panoramas, it’s easy to forget about more traditional collage-work. As you’ll see in this short article, following in the footsteps of your pre-digital forebears might lead you to a more interesting image.

In the pre-digital days, if you wanted to take a panoramic image, you had to shoot multiple, overlapping shots and then layer prints on top of each other to create a collage. (Some photographers differentiate between this technique and photo montage, a process of layering multiple negatives to create a single print.) Though collaging can create a pleasing overall result, the details are often a little rough — perspective can vary from print to print, seams don’t match, objects can be duplicated.

Digital stitching software uses software to perform precise warping and blending of your source images to create a seamless panorama that looks like a single, wide-angle photograph. With panoramic software, you can take shots of extremely wide vistas.

I took these three images:

and stitched them using Canon’s PhotoStich to create this panorama:

Stitched panoramas are good even for less expansive subjects. Any time you need a wide-angle view, a stitched panorama can serve as a suitable replacement for an extremely wide-angle lens, as in these shots below:

Because of their small sensors, it can be very difficult to find a digital camera with an extremely wide angle lens (this is true even for higher-end digital SLRs.) So, with wide-angles being a challenge for digital photographers, the ability to shoot and stitch wide-angle panoramas is even more important.

You can learn more about panoramic shooting and stitching in Chapter 9 of Complete Digital Photography, Third Edition.

Digital Photo Collage
One of the big drawbacks of digital panoramic stitching, though, is that it can lead you to forget about the advantages of photo collage. Once you’re in the habit of thinking about stitching, you might forget that, oftentimes, it’s the less perfect image that is far more evocative of your subject.

Designer Kalonica McQuesten created this photo collage of a Roman amphitheater from a series of images shot with a Canon Digital Elph.

Certainly, this scene could have been shot as a panorama, with a series of carefully tiled images that could later be stitched into a seamless whole. The result would be a more accurate representation of the literal location. But it would also probably produce a much more boring image than the one she came up with.

However, though this image might be a throw-back to traditional photo collage, it’s still firmly rooted in the digital world thanks to her use of transparency for different layers in the collage. By sticking each photo in a separate layer in Photoshop (and in some cases, grouping layers into Layer Sets), she was able to alter the transparency of each separate image (see below).

The resulting effect contributes to the overall “ruined” atmosphere and serves to create a more compelling image than would a simple stitching.

So, next time you’re preparing to stitch a scene, consider first spending some time with some simple layering and collaging. You may discover a far more interesting image.

Posted on: February 24, 2006

3 Comments on Digital Photography Tips: To Stitch or Not To Stitch

  1. Ben,
    Your comment that film photographers couldn’t even dream of what can be done with digital cameras and stitching software today is simply uninformed. Apple’s QTVR Authoring Studio was introduced in the mid 1990s when the best digital cameras produced a 640×480 image and cost around $1500. High-end digital SLRs and camera backs did not exist at that time. Scanning high-quality film images to produce the digital files needed to construct the panoramas was ordinary practice then and is still fairly common today.

    While today’s digital cameras make the work simpler and faster, I still find that shooting a 12 or 24 frame panorama on a Hasselblad and scanning the film on a film scanner produces a much larger image and, most importantly, a more beautiful image at a fraction of the cost of using the best digital SLR.

    Secondly, it would benefit your readers to know that panoramic photography did not begin with the introduction of stitching software. Almost from the beginning of photography in the 1840s, photographers developed systems to produce both continuous and collaged panoramic images. This was not a new idea even then, but simply a further development of a tradition that existed in painting and drawing for thousands of years.

  2. What a wonderful post? Thanks.

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  3. using procise

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